The main symptoms that indicate the onset of depression are a lack of desire to perform activities that previously produced pleasure, reduced energy, and constant fatigue. These symptoms appear in low intensity but worsen over time, causing, for example, suffering and inability to work or maintain interactions with other people.
However, depression has a cure and can be obtained with the correct diagnosis and treatment, which can be done with the use of antidepressants and anxiolytics as well as psychotherapy sessions.
The most common symptoms that may indicate depression include:
1. Feeling of deep sadness
The feeling of emptiness or sadness is generally manifested by a sad face, drooping eyes, and a view towards “nowhere”, without brightness, in addition to a curved trunk. It is common for the person to have a crying crisis or cry easily, have a pessimistic speech, feelings of guilt, and low self-esteem.
People who suffer from this disorder refer to this feeling as a sadness different from “normal”, which is accompanied by a feeling of emptiness, apathy, disinterest, and a lack of desire to do activities. During episodes of depression, the sadness experienced does not improve with situations that would normally alleviate it, being perceived as a different sadness.
It is common for one to have a feeling of worthlessness. That is why people with depression present behaviors of isolation from friends and family before thinking of more severe “solutions” such as suicide.
2. Lack of desire to perform activities that produced pleasure
This is the main symptom of depression and is present from the beginning of the disease, and may worsen as the disorder progresses, since the desire to perform activities that were previously a source of joy, such as playing instruments, watching movies, being with friends or going to parties, for example, disappears without the person being able to explain the reason, feeling without the will to do nothing.
3. Loss of energy and constant tiredness
Lack of energy or constant tiredness prevents activities such as personal hygiene, eating, going to school, or work, are a sign of depression. Also, the lack of motivation or not wanting to do any activity is a sign that depression is evolving.
Due to deep sadness, it is common to manifest irritability and attacks of rage, producing symptoms such as tremors, an uncontrollable urge to scream, and even excessive sweating. Symptoms of anxiety and distress are often associated with this.
5. Pain and alterations in the body
Depression can cause a constant headache due to the accumulation of nights without adequate sleep and changes in mood, which can cause a feeling of tightness in the chest and weight in the legs. In some cases, hair loss, weak nails, swollen legs, and pain in the back and stomach may occur due to decreased levels of certain hormones. Also, there may be vomiting and tremors known as psychosomatic symptoms.
6. Sleep problems
It is common that in cases of depression the person has terminal insomnia or early awakening, in this type of insomnia, there is no problem falling asleep, if not that the person wakes up at dawn around 3 or 4 in the morning and cannot return to fall asleep until about 10 in the morning, so you wake up very tired.
7. Weight changes and loss of appetite
Alterations in weight are produced by the low production of serotonin in the body, which is also responsible for the absorption of nutrients, and its reduction ends up causing excessive weight loss in a short period of time.
The lack of appetite during depression is the result of the other symptoms, since the person does not have the energy to get up, feels pain, is irritated and sleepy, for example. This is a factor that can aggravate weight loss, since the person usually has only one meal a day and, generally because relatives insist.
8. Lack of concentration
During depression, there can be moments characterized by a huge lack of concentration accompanied by memory loss, persistent negative thoughts and indecision that affect work, studies and personal interactions. This symptom can be observed easily since people tend not to answer questions in addition to staring at “nowhere” for long periods of time, which leads to the feeling of loss of temporality.
9. Thoughts about death and suicide
The set of symptoms of depression can cause the person to have thoughts about death and suicide, this because the feelings experienced in this disease produce the feeling that life has no meaning, considering a solution to escape from the situation in which they are.
10. Alcohol and drug abuse
The abuse in the consumption of alcohol and drugs is presented by the presence of feelings such as sadness and deep anguish. The person in this case feels the need to experience joy and leave out the feelings caused by depression, which can be dangerous since substance abuse can cause chemical dependency and overdose.
However, this symptom is not found in all people with depression, so be aware of any sudden change in mood, which could indicate this addictive behavior
In depressive disorder, mental and motor activity can be affected, and the agitated or slowed person can be observed, the latter being the most common, affecting thinking, movements, and the way of speaking, showing pauses when speaking, short answers or due to the On the contrary, rapid speech, repetitive movements with the hands or legs, for example.