Migraine is a moderate or severe headache. There are many symptoms associated with migraines, such as nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light, sound. Migraine is a common illness that affects one in five women and one in fifteen men. This condition can easily affect your quality of life. Some people need to stay in bed for several days. However, several effective treatments are available to reduce symptoms and prevent seizures. In this post, you will find health tips on everything related to the condition.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF MIGRAINE?
The different types include:
- Migraine with aura: Before a migraine occurs, there are specific warning signs
- Migraine without aura: this is the most common type, which occurs without specific signs
- Migraine with aura, without a headache
There are also other more specific types of migraines, such as ophthalmic migraines, unilateral migraines, or basilar migraines. Some people may have migraines several times a week. Others will have migraines from time to time, depending on the type.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MIGRAINE?
The symptoms generally last 2 to 3 days. The frequency varies from person to person. Migraines can be rare or happen several times a month. You may experience the following symptoms:
- Pain on one or both sides of the head
- Pain in the form of a pulsation
- Sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells
- Nausea and vomiting
- Vision disturbances
- Dizziness and lightheadedness
If you have one or more of these symptoms regularly, you may well be suffering from the condition.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?
The causes of migraines are unknown, although there are a few leads. This could be due to temporary changes in chemical molecules that act on the nerves and blood vessels in the brain. There would also be a genetic component for those who suffer from the condition. In fact, we often find entire families prone to migraines. In some people, migraine attacks are triggered by stress, fatigue, or certain foods or drinks.
There is no cure for this type of headache, but medications can reduce symptoms, including:
- Analgesics such as paracetamol or ibuprofen
- Triptans, drugs that help control migraine attacks
- Antiemetics, drugs often used to reduce nausea and vomiting.
During a migraine attack, many people find that staying in a dark room decreases the symptoms.
HOW CAN YOU PREVENT MIGRAINES?
Migraines can be prevented by avoiding stress, certain foods, or any other crisis trigger. A healthy lifestyle like regular exercise, good sleep, or limiting alcohol intake can also help reduce migraines. In addition, some medications significantly reduce migraine attacks over the year. You can take these drugs long term.